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Heretics and BelieversA History of the English Reformation$
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Peter Marshall

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300170627

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300170627.001.0001

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Time of Trial

Time of Trial

(p.389) 13 Time of Trial
Heretics and Believers

Peter Marshall

Yale University Press

This chapter examines England's reconciliation with the Roman Catholic Church. In an oration in 1554, Reginald Pole, cardinal legate and Plantagenet prince, begged Parliament to remove impediments standing in the way of England taking its rightful place at the heart of a united Christendom. A bill repealing no fewer than nineteen Henrician acts, and nullifying the royal supremacy, was introduced into Parliament in late December and passed on 3 January. The chapter considers how the restoration of capital punishment for heresy led to judicial burning of heretics such as John Hooper, who wrote in one of his last letters from prison: ‘Now is the time of trial to see whether we fear more God or man’. It also discusses the book entitled A Profitable and Necessary Doctrine and concludes with an analysis of the campaign to reclaim the universities for Catholicism.

Keywords:   heresy, Roman Catholic Church, Reginald Pole, capital punishment, judicial burning, heretics, John Hooper, royal supremacy, universities, Catholicism

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