Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Social History of HebrewIts Origins Through the Rabbinic Period$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

William M. Schniedewind

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300176681

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300176681.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 25 May 2022

Hebrew under Imperialism

Hebrew under Imperialism

Chapter:
(p.139) 7 Hebrew under Imperialism
Source:
A Social History of Hebrew
Author(s):

William M. Schniedewind

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300176681.003.0007

The Hebrew language evolved under the long shadow cast by Aramaic and the Persian Empire. In the Persian provence of Yehud, Hebrew vernacular would survive in a few villages. Most of the major cities of Judah had been destroyed by the Babylonians, and the land was depopulated. The few villages that did survive would have continued to speak Hebrew, but new settlements would have used the Aramaic lingua franca. The scribal infrastructure was also completely Aramaic, and Hebrew documents now would begin using Aramaic script. The old Hebrew script (or, paleo-Hebrew) became a relic frozen in time because it was no longer in regular use. When Hebrew begins to be written again, Aramaic shows pervasive influence on Late Biblical Hebrew. There is also a gap in the Hebrew scribal tradition. While in some pockets Hebrew continued to be spoken, very little Hebrew was written. Late Biblical Hebrew was a revival of the literary tradition that drew upon vernacular Hebrew, the Aramaic scribal infrastructure, and the legacy of Standard Biblical literature from a bygone era.

Keywords:   Persia, living language, language shift, Aramaic, Late Biblical Hebrew

Yale Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.