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For God and KaiserThe Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918$
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Richard Bassett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178586

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178586.001.0001

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Victories in the South

Victories in the South

Custozza and Lissa 1866

(p.350) Chapter 16 Victories in the South
For God and Kaiser

Richard Bassett

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on the Habsburg forces' successful campaigns in Italy. Less than two weeks before Königgrätz, Vittorio Emanuele had declared war on Austria in accordance with his alliance with Prussia. Unlike in Bohemia, the formalities had been observed and the Italian monarch had dispatched an aide with a formal declaration of war to the Austrian headquarters in Verona where the Archduke Albert had taken up residence. The Southern Army of the Habsburgs was made up of many fine regiments. The Archduke commanded barely 75,000 troops against a foe of 200,000 equipped with more than twice the amount of artillery he could muster. Nonetheless, the Austrians managed to defeat the Italians at Custozza. The Austrian navy also defeated the Italians at Lissa, giving a morale boost to its traditions, which lasted for the rest of its existence.

Keywords:   Austrian army, Italy, military campaigns, declaration of war, Vittorio Emanuele, Archduke Albert, Austrian navy

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