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For God and KaiserThe Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918$
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Richard Bassett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178586

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178586.001.0001

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The Evidenzbüro and Colonel Redl.

The Evidenzbüro and Colonel Redl.

The k. (u.) k. Army on the Eve of Catastrophe

(p.396) Chapter 19 The Evidenzbüro and Colonel Redl.
For God and Kaiser

Richard Bassett

Yale University Press

This chapter describes the increased military intelligence activities spurred by the rivalry between Russia and Austria-Hungary over the Balkans. What had been the preserve of a few staff officers of the Generalquartierstab rapidly expanded scope and numbers as the nineteenth century drew to a close. Russia's increasing military intelligence activities against the monarchy resulted in increased cooperation between the Evidenzbüro and its German equivalent, the Imperial German Kundschaftdienst. This was evident in 1889 when a Russian spy, Wenzel Marek, stole the plans for the great Austrian Galician fortress of Przemyśl. Unaware of the degree of cooperation between the two organisations, he allowed himself to be tricked on to German soil where he was promptly arrested and handed over to the Austrians before he could dispose of the plans to the Russians. Marek's capture brought an instant Russian response. They rounded up 29 suspected Austrian agents, who were later executed. By the spring of 1913, the rising political temperature prompted statesmen in every European country as well as the in United States to conclude that war was imminent.

Keywords:   military intelligence, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Balkans, Austrian army, Germany, Wenzel Marek

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