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For God and KaiserThe Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918$
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Richard Bassett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178586

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178586.001.0001

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Austria-Hungary’s Last War

Austria-Hungary’s Last War


(p.458) Chapter 22 Austria-Hungary’s Last War
For God and Kaiser

Richard Bassett

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses Austria-Hungary's entry into the Great War. The army was unprepared for a major conflict. Her troops had not fired a shot in anger for more than a generation. The lessons her opponents had digested—the British during the Boer War, the Serbs during the Balkan wars, the Russians during the recent Russo-Japanese War—had all been ignored by Vienna. On the outbreak of hostilities, the army had evolved into a predominantly infantry arm: 700 out of every 1,000 soldiers were infantry. Since 1906, Chief of Staff Conrad von Hötzendorf had enjoyed greater powers than his predecessors as Generalstabchef. While his remit had been extended to cover Landwehr and Honvédség forces as well as the Common Army, his staff lagged behind their German counterparts in terms of organisation, dynamism and ethos. The remainder of the chapter covers Austria-Hungary's provision of artillery support to the German army; the army's initial success in Galicia; the Russian recovery; Austro-Hungarian setbacks on all fronts; Serbia's invasion of Hungary; and the struggle for Przemyśl.

Keywords:   Great War, World War I, Austrian army, infantry, Conrad von Hötzendorf, Serbia, Hungary, Galicia, Przemyśl

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