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For God and KaiserThe Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918$
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Richard Bassett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178586

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178586.001.0001

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Austria Resurgent

Austria Resurgent

Theresian Military Reforms

(p.110) Chapter 5 Austria Resurgent
For God and Kaiser

Richard Bassett

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the reform of Maria Theresa's armies. The reforms they underwent in the run-up to the Seven Years War improved their morale and effectiveness dramatically. The remainder of the chapter covers the modernization of the Austrian artillery; the reform of the cavalry, the hussars, and the infantry; the establishment of the Wiener Neustadt Military Academy; and the reform of the army's medical services. All these reforms were more or less implanted in a period of eight years, the brief interlude between the wars of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years War. The proof of their success was demonstrated in the coming conflict when Frederick of Prussia would ruefully observe on the battlefield: “unfortunately these are no longer the old Austrians”.

Keywords:   Maria Theresa, Habsburg army, military reform, Austrian artillery, Wiener Neustadt Military Academy, army medical services, Frederick of Prussia

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