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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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Quebec and Bouchain

Quebec and Bouchain

(p.227) Chapter Nine Quebec and Bouchain
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

From a military perspective, Canadian conquest might bring fame to the least worthy of the army's senior officers, “five bottle Jack” Hill, whose success would tighten Robert Harley's political liaison with the former's sister, Abigail Masham. Masham was Queen Anne's present passion, and thus would ensure royal favor for the tory ministry. Commercially, the ministry's Canada and Newfoundland project would allow the British to recapture the trade in furs and fish. Moreover, the American expedition offered the ministry additional opportunities to weaken the duke of Marlborough's grip on the army and to undermine his offensive against France. When he proposed the Quebec expedition, Secretary of state Henry St. John was hoping that the conquest of Quebec would put the captain general's victories in the shade. On April 27, 1711, Marlborough and his army sailed for Boston, Massachusetts. On September 14, he captured the fortress town of Bouchain. On October 27, Marlborough left his undefeated army. A year later, he was forced into exile. In the Netherlands, he began to organize another army that would decide Greater Britain's imperial succession.

Keywords:   duke of Marlborough, Quebec, Jack Hill, Abigail Masham, Canada, France, Henry St. John, Massachusetts, Bouchain, Netherlands

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