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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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Epilogue: The “Golden Adventure”

Epilogue: The “Golden Adventure”

(p.371) Epilogue: The “Golden Adventure”
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

The duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, died on June 16, 1722, at Windsor Lodge in England. He was buried in the tomb of King Henry VII at Henry VII's chapel. Marlborough's funeral coincided with the collapse of the South Sea Company and led to the suspension of war with the Bourbon powers for Atlantic empire. Britain's continual conflict with Spain stemmed from the former's territorial expansion in the American south and aggressive trade in the Caribbean basin. Colonel Alexander Spotswood took advantage of the accession of George II, his comrade in arms at Oudenarde, and the renewal of a conflict with Spain, to recommend the levying of American troops to oust the Spanish from Cuba and Florida. George II's first significant American commission was to General Robert Hunter. With a 4,000-man, four-battalion “American” regiment, Spotswood was ordered to attack the Spanish West Indies, defend Georgia, and invade Florida. He died in the midst of raising the American Regiment on June 7, 1740, striking a fatal blow to the West Indies expedition.

Keywords:   duke of Marlborough, war, Britain, Spain, Alexander Spotswood, Cuba, Florida, Robert Hunter, West Indies, American Regiment

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