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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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Envoy: “The Sunshine Day”

Envoy: “The Sunshine Day”

(p.1) Envoy: “The Sunshine Day”
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

On March 8, 1702, Princess Anne of Denmark, younger daughter of the exiled King James II, was proclaimed queen of England after King William III died. She vowed to protect the Protestant succession to the imperial throne and to resist France's aggression in the Atlantic. The new queen commissioned John Churchill, earl of Marlborough, as general and commander in chief of her forces in the Netherlands. Marlborough would later become master general of the ordnance, a great office of state and of war. One of his first acts as master general was to order a new train of artillery for the West Indies, despite the navy's impressment of the crews of eight storeships loading munitions for America. Queen Anne then appointed Marlborough her ambassador extraordinary to the states general of the Netherlands. For his successes in the Flanders campaign and for rescuing the Netherlands, Queen Anne made him marquess of Blandford and duke of Marlborough.

Keywords:   ordnance, England, France, John Churchill, duke of Marlborough, Netherlands, West Indies, Queen Anne, war, Flanders

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