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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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The March to the Danube

The March to the Danube

(p.58) Chapter Two The March to the Danube
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

John Churchill, the duke of Marlborough, began his military campaign on April 9, 1704, by crossing the English Channel. He was determined to preserve English national independence, make England's empire British, secure the Protestant succession to the imperial throne, and protect both Europe and America from the aggression of Louis XIV of France. He was taking Queen Anne's troops to assist Germany by an assault on the Moselle frontier with France and informed the states general that he was marching into Germany. The duke asked the Dutch deputies for twelve battalions and hoped to secure the services of the Anglo-Dutch auxiliary troops marching from Denmark. His goal was to build an army of 50,000 men at Coblenz. The duke believed that he and his men would have no trouble marching directly to the Danube. This chapter offers an account of the duke of Marlborough's epic 600-mile journey from Bedburg to Bavaria and his famous march to the Danube, which culminated in the burning of Bavaria and the destruction of Heidenheim.

Keywords:   military campaign, John Churchill, duke of Marlborough, England, France, Germany, Denmark, Danube, Bavaria, Heidenheim

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