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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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Greater Britain

Greater Britain

(p.100) Chapter Four Greater Britain
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

For their successful campaign of 1705, Queen Anne granted the duke of Marlborough and his heirs the royal manor of Woodstock and ordered Sir John Vanbrugh to build there “the Castle of Blenheim,” which became the greatest English residence of the baroque age. Gibraltar, England's new conquest, exemplified Marlborough's imperial principles and military administration. His constant attention to distant duty inspired his imperial subordinates and illustrated his own continual attentions to Greater Britain. In the spring of 1705, Marlborough saw his military patronage increase after six new regiments were raised. The governors general and lieutenant governors who attained general's rank in the British army while resident in the American provinces played a central role in the conversion of English colonies into British provinces. Marlborough sent engineers to Scotland to repair the seats of royal authority, including Edinburgh Castle, and to America to extend the provincial fortifications that not only protected American ports but also manifested imperial power.

Keywords:   duke of Marlborough, Gibraltar, England, Greater Britain, governors general, lieutenant governors, provinces, colonies, Scotland, America

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