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Marlborough's America$
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Stephen Saunders Webb

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178593

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178593.001.0001

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Ramillies and Union

Ramillies and Union

(p.123) Chapter Five Ramillies and Union
Marlborough's America

Stephen Saunders Webb

Yale University Press

The duke of Marlborough's imperial vision had grown to include both Europe and the Americas. In the spring of 1706, he saved Savoy, and thus Italy, from France. His British troops moved south and united with Prince Eugene of Savoy's Imperialists. Marlborough then hoped to turn west and attack Toulon in order to control the Mediterranean for England. Moreover, Toulon would be the base from which Marlborough and Eugene could strike France. On May 7/18, 1706, the army of the allies marched to Flanders. However, the French besieged Barcelona in Spain and Turin in Savoy. Marlborough and his men again marched toward Maestricht to open their military campaign. Their victory at Ramillies, the conquest of Belgium, and the assault on France itself, made the union of the British kingdoms inevitable. On January 16, 1707, the union treaty passed the Scots parliament and Marlborough welcomed “great Britain” by raising new Scots regiments as a reward to the unionists.

Keywords:   duke of Marlborough, Europe, Americas, Savoy, France, Ramillies, Belgium, union, Scots, parliament

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