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Northern IrelandThe Reluctant Peace$
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Feargal Cochrane

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178708

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178708.001.0001

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Talking to the Enemy, 1993–95

Talking to the Enemy, 1993–95

Chapter:
(p.121) Chapter Five Talking to the Enemy, 1993–95
Source:
Northern Ireland
Author(s):

Feargal Cochrane

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300178708.003.0006

This chapter focuses on discussions held between the British Government and the Provisional IRA between 1993 and 1995. By late 1993, Irish Taoiseach Albert Reynolds was trying to hammer out an agreed-upon joint position on the peace process with John Major, a dialogue that was often tense and fractious, and which several times bordered on total breakdown, as each government pulled in different directions. The initial result of the official talking between the two governments came with the publication of the Downing Street Declaration on December 15, 1993. The IRA announced a ceasefire in August 1994 because it had come to the conclusion that the armed struggle alone would not lead to Irish unity. It was also by then clear to the IRA that a dynamic for political change existed through dialogue, especially in the context of a joint Sinn Fein–SDLP–Irish government position, facilitated by the Clinton administration in the United States.

Keywords:   British Government, Provisional IRA, Albert Reynolds, John Major, Downing Street Declaration

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