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Clerics of IslamReligious Authority and Political Power in Saudi Arabia$
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Nabil Mouline

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300178906

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300178906.001.0001

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(p.257) Conclusion
Clerics of Islam

Nabil Mouline

Ethan S. Rundell

Yale University Press

A new politico-religious order, namely the Saudi Emirate and the Hanbali-Wahhabi tradition, has emerged through the action and work of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. A true policy of homogenization has been introduced by the ulama, illustrating its legitimacy from the Islamic duty to prevent vice and promote virtue. A rebirth of the Hanbali-Wahhabi tradition accompanied the birth of the modern Saudi Kingdom in the twentieth century. Opportunities for expansion to the Najdi tradition emerged with the birth of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The work of doctrinal reframing continues to be accompanied by action on the ground, such as the purge of school textbooks, intrareligious and interreligious dialogue, a monopoly on the promulgation of fatawa, and the institutionalization of the promotion of virtue and the prevention of vice.

Keywords:   Saudi Emirate, Hanbali-Wahhabi tradition, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, ulama, Islam, vice, virtue, Saudi Kingdom, Najdi, fatawa

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