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The Genius$
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Eliyahu Stern

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300179309

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300179309.001.0001

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The Biur and the Yeshiva

The Biur and the Yeshiva

(p.115) 5 The Biur and the Yeshiva
The Genius

Eliyahu Stern

Yale University Press

This chapter explores the establishment of the modern yeshiva by Elijah ben Solomon's followers. Over the nineteenth century, the yeshiva replaced the legal institution of the kehilah as the locus of centralized authority for non-Hasidic rabbinic Jewry. This change was encouraged by Elijah's commentary, Biur, to the Shulchan Arukh, the sixteenth century Jewish legal code. This commentary proved to be Elijah's magnum opus, and it contributed to the shift of eastern European Jewish intellectual life away from a code-based culture that reflected the governing institution of the kehilah toward a modern religious one revolving around the paradigm of persuasive education adopted by the Volozhin yeshiva.

Keywords:   yeshiva, Biur, Elijah ben Solomon, kehilah, Jewish intellectual life, Shulchan Arukh

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