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HemlockA Forest Giant on the Edge$
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David R. Foster, Anthony D'Amato, and Benjamin Baiser

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300179385

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300179385.001.0001

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Eastern Hemlock As A Foundation Species

(p.165) Ten Reprise
David R. Foster
Yale University Press

The eastern hemlock is identified as a foundation species—a species that creates its own ecosystem and is intimately linked to the majority of other species in the system. This chapter discusses the characteristics of the eastern hemlock as a foundation species. Studies conducted have shown that the loss of hemlock in hemlock-dominated systems, whether from adelgid or logging, results in both short-term and long-term effects to associated plant and animals species along with shifts in ecological processes.

Keywords:   eastern hemlock, foundation species, ecosystem, adelgid, logging

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