Eastern Hemlock As A Foundation Species
The eastern hemlock is identified as a foundation species—a species that creates its own ecosystem and is intimately linked to the majority of other species in the system. This chapter discusses the characteristics of the eastern hemlock as a foundation species. Studies conducted have shown that the loss of hemlock in hemlock-dominated systems, whether from adelgid or logging, results in both short-term and long-term effects to associated plant and animals species along with shifts in ecological processes.
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