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Hemlock – A Forest Giant on the Edge - Yale Scholarship Online
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Hemlock: A Forest Giant on the Edge

David R. Foster, Anthony D'Amato, and Benjamin Baiser


The Eastern Hemlock, massive and majestic, has played a unique role in structuring northeastern forest environments, from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. A “foundation species” influencing all the species in the ecosystem surrounding it, this iconic North American tree has long inspired poets and artists as well as naturalists and scientists. Five thousand years ago, the hemlock collapsed as a result of abrupt global climate change. Now this iconic tree faces extinction once again because of an invasive insect, the hemlo ... More

Keywords: Eastern Hemlock, Nova Scotia, Wisconsin, Appalachian Mountains, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, foundation species, ecosystem, North American tree

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780300179385
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2014 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300179385.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David R. Foster, editor

Anthony D'Amato, author

Benjamin Baiser, author

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