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XerxesA Persian Life$
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Richard Stoneman

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300180077

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300180077.001.0001

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The Persian Empire

The Persian Empire

(p.35) Chapter Two The Persian Empire

Richard Stoneman

Yale University Press

This chapter provides an overview of the Persian Empire during Xerxes's reign. After ascending the throne, Xerxes set about the business of governing his empire. The Persian Empire had been founded by Cyrus the Great, who became king of Persis in 559 B.C. It was Cyrus who created the system of satrapies, provinces, and regions ruled by a governor or satrap for the Great King. Darius I's accession in 522 represented a turning point in the history of the empire. Darius presents a new vision of the Persian Empire in his palace at Persepolis, not just Iranian but multi-national. It was under him that the Persian Empire reached its largest extent. This chapter describes the extent of the Persian Empire as well as its economy and goes on to discuss its peoples that included Greeks and Jews, Xerxes's imperial staff, the important role of doctors in the palace, and other non-Persians who occupied high positions under Xerxes.

Keywords:   doctors, Persian Empire, Xerxes, Cyrus the Great, Persis, Darius I, Persepolis, economy, Greeks, Jews

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