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American Zion$
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Eran Shalev

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300186925

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300186925.001.0001

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Tribes Lost and Found

Tribes Lost and Found

Israelites in Nineteenth-Century America

(p.118) 4 Tribes Lost and Found
American Zion

Eran Shalev

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the Old Testament, which tells the history of the formation of the Israelite nation out of twelve tribes whose respective progenitors were the twelve sons of the Patriarch Jacob. Under the reign of Rehoboam, the united Israelite kingdom of David, Rehoboam's grandfather, split into two rival states: the Kingdom of Judah, comprising the tribes of Judah and Benjamin; and the northern Kingdom of Israel, which consisted of the remaining ten tribes. The chapter finds that the Bible narrates the short and contentious simultaneous existence of the two Israelite polities, which ended when Assyria conquered the kingdom of Israel in 722 b.c. and deported its entire population, while leaving intact the southern kingdom of Judah. The ten tribes of Israel, never heard again, were henceforth “lost,” becoming in Jewish, and later, in Christian, memory, the Ten Lost Tribes.

Keywords:   Old Testament, Israelite nation, Ten Lost Tribes, Kingdom of Israel, American Indians

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