This chapter looks at what dreams are and puts our ideas of dreams in an historical context. Dreaming is a complex process that is brought about by the cerebellum and to some extent also by the cerebrum. It is not merely the confused form of appearance of a cyclical, diffuse stimulation, but is to no lesser extent a process of wishing, thinking, and remembering. All these enter into a synthesis in the dream. The chapter asks: how did Freud influence our ideas of what dreams are? The chapter is concerned mostly with understanding dreams, which is just the tip of the iceberg of primitive thought activity. The chapter asserts that the formation of dreams is far more than mere construction of dreams. Dreams are nothing less than elementary shapers of the intellect and of culture, driving forces of human becoming.
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