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The Soviet TheaterA Documentary History$
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Laurence Senelick and Sergei Ostrovsky

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300194760

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300194760.001.0001

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The Second Five-Year Plan And The Great Terror, 1933–1938

The Second Five-Year Plan And The Great Terror, 1933–1938

(p.349) Chapter Six The Second Five-Year Plan And The Great Terror, 1933–1938
The Soviet Theater

Laurence Senelick

Sergei Ostrovsky

Yale University Press

This chapter describes various events in the history of Soviet theater and arts from 1933 to 1938. The implementation of the second Five-Year Plan widened the chasm between public and private life. Many of the social reforms of the early revolutionary period were rescinded. There was a return to traditional family values among a new middle class, and the population became more passive in its obedience to dictates from above. The diminution of individuality in private life was replicated in the arts. More than half the new plays and productions produced by the leading theaters of the Soviet Union in the 1936–37 season were forbidden by Glavrepertkom for being insufficiently socialist-realistic or too formalist. In February 1936 the Second Moscow Art Theater was closed, followed in September by the Teatr rabochey molodëzhi (Theater of Young Workers). The Meyerhold Theater, the experimental theater of Les' Kurbas in the Ukraine, and the theater of Sandro Akhmeteli in Georgia were also shut down.

Keywords:   Soviet theater, Soviet history, social reforms, traditional family values, Glavrepertkom, Second Moscow Art Theater, TRAM, Meyerhold Theater, Les' Kurbas, Sandro Akhmeteli

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