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Charand-o ParandRevolutionary Satire from Iran, 1907-1909$
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Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300197990

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300197990.001.0001

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Sur-e Esrāfil, Series 1, No. 31, pp. 7–9

Sur-e Esrāfil, Series 1, No. 31, pp. 7–9

June 11, 1908

(p.285) Sur-e Esrāfil, Series 1, No. 31, pp. 7–9
Charand-o Parand

Ali-Akbar Dehkhodā

Yale University Press

This chapter presents a column published on June 11, 1908, featuring a piece on women's education. Elite and upper-middle-class women of Tehran and several other cities became involved in the nationalist movement to form women's anjomans and schools. In March 1908, the Majlis debated the right of women to form anjomans and whether these were in accordance with the laws of shari'a. Initially some deputies deemed the subject inappropriate for parliamentary debate. In the end, however, women were allowed to keep their anjomans, though without any financial or institutional support from the Majlis. In recounting this episode and criticizing the deputies for their lackluster support of women, Dehkhodā blames Iranian culture for clinging to old traditions and holding on to archaic social hierarchies of class, seniority, and gender—divisions that he believed held back both men and women.

Keywords:   female education, nationalist movements, Majlis, anjomans, Iranian culture, Charand-o Parand, Ali-Akbar Dehkhodā, Sur-e Esrāfil, Iranian newspaper columns

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