During the 1930s, state-sponsored initiatives introduced bureaucratic and scientific professionals to Soviet farms. However, because of their poor performance, these professionals did not stay in their rural territories. The state thought that rural underdevelopment was a problem that could be flattened with industrial streamlining and money. However, despite capital investment and the advice of efficiency experts, the agricultural sector did not improve its productivity. This chapter examines the approach the state took towards modernization after the Second World War. The chapter argues that although the Ministry of Agriculture greatly relied on outside professionals to help the countryside adopt modern practices in the postwar period, state agencies were more interested in institution building and pinpointing the areas most reliable for agricultural production.
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