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Memory LandsKing Philip's War and the Place of Violence in the Northeast$
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Christine M. DeLucia

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780300201178

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300201178.001.0001

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The Gathering Place

The Gathering Place

A Trafficked Waterway, Dawn Massacre, and Material Legacies of the “Falls Fight”

(p.203) 5 The Gathering Place
Memory Lands

Christine M. DeLucia

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on the “Great River” (Kwinitekw or Connecticut River) that runs the length of the Northeast, and the multi-layered histories involved at its midpoint. At Peskeomskut, Algonquians from multiple tribal communities had gathered for thousands of years for fishing, planting, and socializing. This important waterfall came under attack in May 1676 in the latter stages of King Philip’s War, as colonial troops endeavoured to subdue and displace Algonquians who had not surrendered by that point in the conflict. These tensions arose from several decades of colonization in the river valley, which entangled Natives and colonizers in fur-trading relationships that sometimes spiralled into coercion and violence. Following the massacre of 1676 (led by William Turner), many Algonquian survivors regrouped with Native communities in other parts of the Northeast or followed a widespread diaspora in pursuit of safety. The chapter turns to how colonists at places like Deerfield, Massachusetts engaged in remembrance of the violences at the falls and nearby “Bloody Brook,” through ephemeral as well as more tangible processes. It accounts for the emergence of heritage organizations like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, which pursued an extensive place-marking campaign in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Keywords:   Connecticut River, Peskeomskut, Fishing, Fur-trading, Massacre, William Turner, Diaspora, Heritage, Bloody Brook, Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association

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