This chapter focuses on the soul. It begins by defining the soul as the referent of I whenever someone states something in the first person. For Ibn Kammūna, the fixed identity to which I refers whenever I speak of myself is critical. Personal improvement, through ethical refinement and the acquisition of knowledge, is indeed pivotal for the way of life he advocates. These changes all affect the same immortal, immaterial core person. The chapter next deals with the indestructibility of the soul. The issue is clearly of great importance, and Ibn Kammūna musters several proofs. It goes on to address the destiny of the soul and its ultimate perfection. To conclude, this chapter argues for the supremacy of intellectual pleasures over sensual ones.
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