This chapter concerns worship. It opens with a remark concerning the role of the body. Bodily forms of worship can be useful in directing knowledge to the heart; acts of worship done with the body are likened to the capital with which one starts a business. Supererogatory acts then follow just as profits follow upon a good investment of capital. The chapter then discusses protective measures: measures against sinning with the body and the tongue in particular, as well as measures to guard against “scourges of the heart.” Here, Ibn Kammūna offers a general observation: it is harder to refrain from transgressions than it is to perform positive commandments. Our bodies and faculties are God's gift to us; we should not use them against Him. Finally, the chapter describes the “stations” that the seeker—here qualified as the seeker after worship and knowledge—must climb through.
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