This chapter examines Meister Eckhart's commentary on the Old Testament Book of Wisdom (Sapientia). Eckhart's concept of biblical exegesis is more philosophically rigorous than that of Augustine: he wanted to determine the philosophical truths contained within the text. His concept of philosophy is more elaborate than Augustine's, thanks to Aristotle's Metaphysics and its Islamic interpreters as well as previous studies by Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, and Dietrich of Freiberg. In his commentary on the Book of Wisdom, Eckhart continues his philosophical inquiry, especially regarding traditional topics of ontology: being and essence, form and matter, difference and similarity, image and exemplar. This chapter considers Eckhart's claim in Expositio Libri Sapientiae that Being is the most basic and fundamental of all primary determinations, along with his philosophical conceptualization of God as Being, Oneness, intellect, and dynamic Wisdom.
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