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Diplomacy on IceEnergy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic$
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Rebecca Pincus and Saleem H. Ali

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300205169

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300205169.001.0001

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Connecting China through “Creative Diplomacy”: Greenland, Australia, and Climate Cooperation in Polar Regions

Connecting China through “Creative Diplomacy”: Greenland, Australia, and Climate Cooperation in Polar Regions

Chapter:
(p.151) 9. Connecting China through “Creative Diplomacy”: Greenland, Australia, and Climate Cooperation in Polar Regions
Source:
Diplomacy on Ice
Author(s):

Damien Degeorges

Saleem H. Ali

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0010

Climate change is opening the navigational potential of the Arctic, attracting the interest of major commercial powers such as China, despite the lack of any particular historical linkages they may have to the region. Investors from resource-extractive nations like Australia are similarly attracted to Arctic areas such as Greenland because of their potential for mineral investment. These unusual connections for economic expediency should be harnessed as a means of “creative diplomacy,” as noted by former Australian prime minister Kevin Rudd. Furthermore, instead of seeing China as a competitor or hegemonic power, there is an opportunity to apply some of the lessons of Antarctic scientific cooperation to the Arctic as well. This chapter documents the various pathways for cooperation that might be followed as climate change provides new economic opportunities, particularly around extraction of rare earth elements. We also recognize the ecological challenges in the Arctic of any resource extraction, and hence the confluence of science and economics is recognized as essential in fostering a sustainable outcome for the development of the region.

Keywords:   Greenland, Australia, rare earth minerals, Antarctica, China, creative diplomacy

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