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Diplomacy on IceEnergy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic$
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Rebecca Pincus and Saleem H. Ali

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300205169

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300205169.001.0001

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Invasive Species in the Arctic: Concerns, Regulations, and Governance

Invasive Species in the Arctic: Concerns, Regulations, and Governance

Chapter:
(p.72) 4. Invasive Species in the Arctic: Concerns, Regulations, and Governance
Source:
Diplomacy on Ice
Author(s):

Kamrul Hossain

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0005

The concern over the introduction of invasive species into the Arctic environment has been relatively new. In the context of climate change, among many other consequences, the possible introduction of invasive species is one. Gradual access to the Arctic marine area, resulting from the opening up of the two new sea routes, facilitates the introduction of aquatic invasive species in its waters. The study suggests that, in Arctic waters, invasive species may primarily be introduced via four sources: ballast water exchange and treatment, hull fouling, cargo operations, as well as casualties or shipwrecks. The introduction of invasive species in Arctic waters will have multifaceted consequences, including the unexpected disturbance of its unique ecosystem, which will eventually pose diverse economic, health, and environmental problems, as well as an overall loss of native biodiversity. This chapter intends to achieve the following three objectives. Firstly, it will examine the overall concerns related to the introduction of invasive species into the Arctic. Secondly, it investigates which available international legislative mechanisms may be applicable to this context and how. Lastly, how invasive species are presently addressed in the Arctic governance regime.

Keywords:   Arctic, invasive species, climate change, regulations, governance

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