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BannedA History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology$
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Frederick Rowe Davis

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300205176

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300205176.001.0001

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DDT and Environmental Toxicology

DDT and Environmental Toxicology

(p.38) Chapter 2 DDT and Environmental Toxicology

Frederick Rowe Davis

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the different harmful effects of DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) to different species in the environment. At the beginning of World War II, economic entomologists appreciated DDT for its high toxicity against a wide range of insect pests. Due to its effectiveness, scientists also explored its effects to plants, animals, and even humans. They conducted extensive pharmacologic studies on laboratory animals, including rats, rabbits, chicks, mice, guinea pigs, dogs, and monkeys. The results suggested the potential risks DDT posed to humans. All of these DDT studies contributed in some degree to the study of toxicology. DDT broadened the scope of toxicology by instigating wildlife studies, which became part of toxicological evaluation.

Keywords:   toxicological evaluation, DDT poisoning, insecticides, toxicity, World War II

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