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Strangers On Familiar SoilRediscovering the Chile-California Connection$
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Edward Dallam Melillo

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300206623

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300206623.001.0001

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Cordilleras in Mind

Cordilleras in Mind

(p.15) 1 Cordilleras in Mind
Strangers On Familiar Soil

Edward Dallam Melillo

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on Spain's ambitious imperial project in the Americas, detailing the various connections forged between Chile and California. During the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, Spain aggressively expanded its holdings on the eastern edge of the Pacific and established military outposts and settlements from the fertile plains of central Chile north to the San Francisco Bay Area. Both Alta California (Upper California) and Baja California (Lower California) were part of the Virreinato de Nueva España (Viceroyalty of New Spain), the formal name of Spanish colonial Mexico until Mexican independence in 1821. In 1804, the Spanish divided the two Californias between the Dominican mission territories in the south and the Franciscan religious colonies in the north. Thus, Alta California and Chile were the geographical ballast at either end of a vast longitudinal Cordillera.

Keywords:   Spain, Chile, Alta California, Baja California, American empire, imperialism, Pacific Ocean

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