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Strangers On Familiar SoilRediscovering the Chile-California Connection$
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Edward Dallam Melillo

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300206623

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300206623.001.0001

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Mountains of Infamy, Vines of Plenty

Mountains of Infamy, Vines of Plenty

(p.137) 7 Mountains of Infamy, Vines of Plenty
Strangers On Familiar Soil

Edward Dallam Melillo

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on Chile's forestry and viticulture in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It details the successful cultivation of California's native Monterey pine (Pinus radiata) in Chile, making it the preeminent softwood in Chilean silviculture by the late twentieth century. It also describes the successive outbreaks of grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae) that devastated California's wine industry, which destroyed so-called Old World grapevines (Vitis vinifera). The blight has never afflicted Chilean vineyards due to Chile's relative geographic isolation; a Chilean vintner's fortuitous importation of French rootstock just before Europe's first phylloxera outbreak in the 1860s; and a series of botanical quarantine policies that protected Chile's vineyards from the microscopic pest.

Keywords:   California, Chile, Monterey pine, Pinus radiata, forestry, viticulture

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