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The Real Lives of Roman Britain$
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Guy de la Bedoyere

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300207194

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300207194.001.0001

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Death, Disruption and Decline in the Third Century

Death, Disruption and Decline in the Third Century

Chapter:
(p.120) Chapter Six Death, Disruption and Decline in the Third Century
Source:
The Real Lives of Roman Britain
Author(s):

Guy de la Bédoyère

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0006

This chapter describes the Severan war of northern conquest in 208. Septimius Severus took total control of the Empire in 197 after defeating Clodius Albinus. Utterly ruthless and determined to establish his own dynasty, he arrived in Britain in 208 with a vast army and made his own fatal error. He embarked on a campaign deep into Scotland, determined to toughen up his sons, Caracalla and Geta, and involve them in a prestigious victory on Britain's northern frontier. The effort of leading the campaign and controlling his eldest son, Caracalla, would kill him in 211 at York. Thereafter, Caracalla's abandonment of any land Septimius Severus had seized rendered the whole effort entirely futile, but it marked the end of half a century more of sporadic warfare in the north, which only then seems to have quieted down.

Keywords:   Roman Britain, Severan war, conquest, Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Geta, northern Britain, Scotland

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