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European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche$
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Frank M Turner and Richard A. Lofthouse

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300207293

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300207293.001.0001

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(p.155) Chapter 10 Nationalism
European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche

Frank M. Turner

, Richard A. Lofthouse
Yale University Press

Nationalism has proved to be the single most powerful European political ideology of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As a political outlook, nationalism was and is based on the relatively modern concept that a nation is composed of people who are joined together by the bonds of common language, customs, culture, and history and who, because of those bonds, should be administered by the same government. That is to say, nationalists contended that the territory of political administration should coincide with the boundaries of ethnic groups. This chapter discusses how nationalism was very much a cultural construct of European writers and intellectuals. It considers the intellectual instruments of nationalism, including the press; dictionaries, lexicons, grammars, and textbooks of language; national political histories; histories of literature and art; national and regional museums; school systems and universities; and racial theories.

Keywords:   nationalism, nations, European writers, intellectuals, intellectual instruments, political ideology, cultural construct

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