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European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche$
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Frank M Turner and Richard A. Lofthouse

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300207293

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300207293.001.0001

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Race and Anti-Semitism

Race and Anti-Semitism

(p.175) Chapter 11 Race and Anti-Semitism
European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche

Frank M. Turner

, Richard A. Lofthouse
Yale University Press

This chapter examines the emergence of racial or racialist thinking. Beginning in the late eighteenth century to the early twentieth century, racial or racialist thinking emerged as an articulated set of ideas which served as a means of interpreting history, defining social problems, explaining cultural difference, and accounting for different levels of economic development. It was only in the nineteenth century that race became an ideological factor in the articulated defense of the institutions of slavery, imperialism, anti-Semitism, and nationhood. The ideas associated with science, race, and anti-Semitism were normally associated with three areas of science: evolution, eugenics, and public health. These combined to scientise racial thinking, and within Europe by the turn of the century to scientize anti-Semitism.

Keywords:   race, racial thinking, racialist thinking, racial thought, anti-Semitism, social Darwinism, eugenics, evolution, public health

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