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European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche$
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Frank M Turner and Richard A. Lofthouse

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300207293

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300207293.001.0001

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Old Faiths and New

Old Faiths and New

(p.226) Chapter 14 Old Faiths and New
European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche

Frank M. Turner

, Richard A. Lofthouse
Yale University Press

This chapter examines a broad conception of “secularization,”—that movement of ideas and values which led to the demise of Christianity and of religion generally as guiding principles in the life of many individuals, and European society generally. This movement, if indeed it was a movement, represents one of the most profound turning points in the history of European civilization. It represented the emergence of a new attempt to formulate a system or systems of personal and social values. The nineteenth century was not only the century in which the Death of God was announced, but perhaps, more importantly, it was also the century in which God and transcendental values seem to have disappeared from the lives of most European men and women, but most especially from the lives of intellectuals.

Keywords:   secularization, Christianity, religion, God, nineteenth century, intellectuals, European civilization

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