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European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche$
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Frank M Turner and Richard A. Lofthouse

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300207293

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300207293.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 15 June 2021

Nietzsche

Nietzsche

Chapter:
(p.243) Chapter 15 Nietzsche
Source:
European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche
Author(s):

Frank M. Turner

, Richard A. Lofthouse
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300207293.003.0015

This chapter discusses the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche, the most important voice in the revolt against Positivism and the radical critique of bourgeois culture of the nineteenth century. Nietzsche's thought went through at least two stages of development. During the first, he stood closely aligned with the tradition of Romanticism and frequently seemed to praise the irrational. At this time he was closely associated with Wagner. The second stage of his thought brought him nearer to the Enlightenment as he championed criticism, cosmopolitanism, the concept of the good European, and criticized nationalism. Throughout both periods he was generally critical of liberalism and what he regarded as the philistinism of middle-class culture. Like so many German philosophers he used reason to challenge or to delimit the realm of reason.

Keywords:   Friedrich Nietzsche, bourgeoisie, Positivism, bourgeois culture, German philosophers, Romanticism, nationalism, cosmopolitanism, liberalism

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