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Migrant CityA New History of London$
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Panikos Panayi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300210972

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300210972.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Cheap Labour

Cheap Labour

(p.57) 3 Cheap Labour
Migrant City

Panikos Panayi

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on migrant labourers. Here, millions of humble Londoners from Europe and other parts of the world have formed the backbone, skeleton, and flesh and blood of the city's life. It shows how the concept of cheap labour, associated not only with sugar bakers but, more especially, with Jewish ‘sweaters’, arose especially in clothing, shoe, and hat and cap manufacture in the East End before 1914. Cheap labour offers one explanation for the evolution of the concentrations of ethnic labour because, for example, the sugar bakers actually formed part of a migrant employment network, which brought Germans from Hanover in particular to work in this occupation. These networks have characterized numerous other migrant occupations in the metropolis, from German governesses to Irish builders and West Indian bus drivers.

Keywords:   cheap labour, migrant labourers, ethnic concentrations, London workforce, London economy, migrant employment network

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