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Migrant CityA New History of London$
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Panikos Panayi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300210972

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300210972.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 26 October 2021

A City of Hawkers, Shopkeepers and Businessmen

A City of Hawkers, Shopkeepers and Businessmen

(p.86) 4 A City of Hawkers, Shopkeepers and Businessmen
Migrant City

Panikos Panayi

Yale University Press

This chapter takes a look at the growth of migrant enterprises in London. In the same way that migrants have worked in all sectors of the London economy as paid employees, whether in factories, buses or hospitals, they have also established their own businesses throughout the capital, especially as small shopkeepers selling all manner of products. A complexity of factors has facilitated the growth of migrant small businesses in London's history, a process which has its origins in the early modern period, with the Huguenots who settled in Spitalfields regarded as pioneers in this process. While some migrant groups appear more entrepreneurial than others, as supported by statistics, it seems that virtually all ethnic minorities have opened small businesses, providing a means of social mobility and helping in the assimilation process. This chapter explores the businesses established by the Irish, the Jews, the Germans, the Italians, the Cypriots, the Asians, and the Africans.

Keywords:   migrant enterprises, migrant networks, assimilation process, migrant small businesses, London economy, social mobility

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