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Migrant CityA New History of London$
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Panikos Panayi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300210972

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300210972.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 27 October 2021

The International Bourgeoisie

The International Bourgeoisie

(p.113) 5 The International Bourgeoisie
Migrant City

Panikos Panayi

Yale University Press

This chapter shows how the international bourgeoisie played a major role in the history of London even before it rose to prominence as the financial capital of the world. It reveals how the bourgeoisie, from Jews to Lombards to Germans to Americans, has since the eighteenth century helped to lead this development. The essence of the London international bourgeoisie does not simply lie in its income, occupation, and lifestyle, but also in its elite international status. These elites usually form part of a wider international network, as families such as the Rothschilds and the Speyers, for example, demonstrates. London has formed one link in a wider chain which could also encompass cities both in other parts of Europe and beyond, especially as the British Empire extended its control to much of the world during the course of the nineteenth century in particular. Within this backdrop, all manner of other elites have used London as a base, especially for political purposes.

Keywords:   international bourgeoisie, elite internationals, international network, British Empire, migrant elites, global elite, London

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