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Public Freedoms in the Islamic State$
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Rached Ghannouchi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300211528

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300211528.001.0001

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The Islamic Perspective on Freedom and Human Rights

The Islamic Perspective on Freedom and Human Rights

Chapter:
(p.43) 2 The Islamic Perspective on Freedom and Human Rights
Source:
Public Freedoms in the Islamic State
Author(s):

Rached Ghannouchi

, David L. Johnston
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300211528.003.0003

This chapter expounds on the Islamic perspective on freedom and human rights, and draws references from multiple Islamic thinkers on the subject. It asserts that freedom, according to the Islamic worldview, is a trust, a responsibility, an awareness of the truth, a commitment to follow it, and a dying to self for its sake. According to its literal meaning, freedom is permission and choice, or simply following one's instincts. Freedom is thus the power to choose between good and evil—a divinely appointed responsibility. Furthermore, according to the specialists in legal theory, in its ethical and legal meaning freedom means “conformity.” Freedom is to exercise responsibility in a positive way, fulfilling one's duty in in a spirit of obedience by following what is commanded and avoiding what is forbidden.

Keywords:   Islamic thought, freedom, human rights, creed, modern Islamic thinking, Islamic human rights, Islamic society, apostasy

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