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What Can and Can'T Be SaidRace, Uplift, and Monument Building in the Contemporary South$
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Dell Upton

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300211757

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300211757.001.0001

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A Place Of Revolution And Reconciliation

A Place Of Revolution And Reconciliation

Chapter:
(p.134) Chapter 4 A Place Of Revolution And Reconciliation
Source:
What Can and Can'T Be Said
Author(s):

Dell Upton

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300211757.003.0004

This chapter focuses on the monuments in Birmingham's Kelly Ingram Park that serve as a testament to the city's civil rights struggles. Among the many monuments in Kelly Ingram Park are two statues: one of Martin Luther King Jr. and another based on Bill Hudson's photograph of Walter Gadsden and Officer Dick Middleton and his dog Leo, taken on May 3, 1963. Each park entrance is marked by the inscription “Place of Revolution and Reconciliation.” This chapter considers Kelly Ingram Park's role in Birmingham's racial struggles, with particular emphasis on African Americans' resistance against the city's system of racial apartheid. It also examines how the tensions between black moderates and black activists in Birmingham, their joint goal of eliminating segregation, and the visibility of national developments in the early 1960s complicated the city's demonstrations of 1963 and shaped the future memorial landscape.

Keywords:   monuments, Birmingham, Kelly Ingram Park, Martin Luther King Jr., Bill Hudson, Walter Gadsden, African Americans, apartheid, segregation, demonstrations

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