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Spare the Birds! – George Bird Grinnell and the First Audubon Society - Yale Scholarship Online
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Spare the Birds!: George Bird Grinnell and the First Audubon Society

Carolyn Merchant


In 1887, a year after founding the Audubon Society, explorer and conservationist George Bird Grinnell launched The Audubon Magazine. The magazine constituted one of the first efforts to preserve bird species decimated by the women's hat trade, hunting, and loss of habitat. Within two years, however, for practical reasons, Grinnell dissolved both the magazine and the society. Remarkably, Grinnell's mission was soon revived by women and men who believed in it, and the work continues today. This book, the only comprehensive history of the first Audubon Society (1886–1889), presents the exceptiona ... More

Keywords: Audubon Society, George Bird Grinnell, bird species, John James Audubon, Alexander Wilson, bird paintings, avifauna

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780300215458
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300215458.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Carolyn Merchant, author
University of California, Berkeley

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