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Ascending India and Its State CapacityExtraction, Violence, and Legitimacy$
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Sumit Ganguly and William R. Thompson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300215922

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300215922.001.0001

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(p.182) Eight Inequality
Ascending India and Its State Capacity

Sumit Ganguly

William R. Thompson

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the state of income inequality in India. A vigorous debate is currently underway in India and abroad about the question of economic inequality, especially in the wake of spectacular economic growth in the aftermath of the country's embrace of liberal economic policies. The debate has focused on whether or not growth should be seen as the principal engine for reducing inequalities. Atul Kohli, a noted political scientist, proffers a third view. He focuses on the shift to more market-oriented policies and their myriad shortcomings. According to Kohli, the persistence of poverty and the growth in inequality stem from the policy choices of a number of regimes, starting in the 1990s, to favor corporate entities at the cost of addressing public and social needs.

Keywords:   income inequality, economic inequality, economic growth, economic policies, Atul Kohli, market-oriented policies

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