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Ascending India and Its State CapacityExtraction, Violence, and Legitimacy$
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Sumit Ganguly and William R. Thompson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300215922

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300215922.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 27 November 2021

Democratic Institutions

Democratic Institutions

(p.200) Nine Democratic Institutions
Ascending India and Its State Capacity

Sumit Ganguly

William R. Thompson

Yale University Press

This chapter looks at Indian democratic institutions. Contrary to popular belief, the British did little or nothing to promote the growth of democratic institutions in India. Instead, Indian nationalists from the late nineteenth century onward successfully appropriated liberal-democratic principles from the United Kingdom and infused them into the Indian political context. Under the influence of Mohandas K. Gandhi in the 1930s, these beliefs and principles were disseminated to a broad swath of India's population via the Indian National Congress, the leading nationalist political party. As this was occurring, the British colonial regime was losing few opportunities to thwart or at least contain the growth of democratic sentiment and practice in India. The Indian nationalists can justifiably claim that each step toward self-rule and democratic governance was the result of sustained and unrelenting political agitation against authoritarian colonial rule.

Keywords:   Indian democratic institutions, Indian nationalists, Mohandas K. Gandhi, Indian National Congress, British colonial regime, democratic governance

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