This chapter discusses changes in India's grand strategy over time and weaknesses associated with its future plans. India has long had a grand strategy and a largely stable set of goals. One of its most consistent features has been the quest for great power status. It initially sought to achieve this through the pursuit of an ideational foreign policy. Ideational foreign policies stress leadership in promoting ideas such as nonalignment or third-world solidarity. Subsequently, India's grand strategy adopted a mix of ideational and material approaches in pursuit of those ends. In the wake of the Cold War, it has tilted quite significantly toward acquiring the requisite material capabilities to pursue that goal. Nevertheless, a segment of its policy-making apparatus seems unable and indeed unwilling to completely shed its attachment to some ideational concerns, however atavistic and very possibly counterproductive to its goal of achieving great power status.
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