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Classics for the MassesShaping Soviet Musical Identity under Lenin and Stalin$
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Pauline Fairclough

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300217193

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300217193.001.0001

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Turning Inwards: The Rise of Russian Nationalism 1937–1941

Turning Inwards: The Rise of Russian Nationalism 1937–1941

(p.140) Chapter Four Turning Inwards: The Rise of Russian Nationalism 1937–1941
Classics for the Masses

Pauline Fairclough

Yale University Press

This chapter charts the rise of Russian nationalism during the period 1937–1941. The year 1937 ushered in a new phase in Soviet historiography that explicitly placed Russia in a position of national authority over all the other Soviet republics. The historian David Brandenberger interpreted this change in terms of a need to consolidate popular opinion in the wake of the First Five-Year Plan. This chapter first considers the Stalinist purges of the late 1930s, and particularly at the Moscow Philharmonia and Leningrad Philharmonia, and their impact on Soviet musical life. It then examines the renewed attacks on former RAPMovtsï, led by Moisey Grinberg, along with the reinvention of the Russian musical heritage by celebrating composers such as Pëtr Chaykovskiy. It also discusses the controversy surrounding the kuchka and the rebranding of Modest Musorgskiy.

Keywords:   composers, Russian nationalism, Moscow Philharmonia, Leningrad Philharmonia, Moisey Grinberg, Pëtr Chaykovskiy, kuchka, Modest Musorgskiy, Soviet music

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