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The Art of SurvivalFrance and the Great War Picaresque$
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Libby Murphy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300217513

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300217513.001.0001

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Georges de la Fouchardière

Georges de la Fouchardière

Oppositional Journalism, Involuntary Heroism, and Bourrage de crâne

(p.64) 3. Georges de la Fouchardière
The Art of Survival

Libby Murphy

Yale University Press

One tactic of the trench soldier is the ability to see through patriotic bombast and blustering of all types, to approach the war through a form of patriotism that is quietly pragmatic. This chapter explores the uniquely modern mass-media phenomenon of bourrage de crâne (skull-stuffing) through a study of the oppositional journalism and new patriotism of the now largely forgotten humorist Georges de la Fouchardière. A popular wartime journalist and serial novelist, La Fouch’, as he was affectionately called, was crowned by wartime readers of the satirical newspaper Le Canard enchaîné as one of the “most courageous contemporary thinkers.” Like Hašek’s Good Soldier Švejk, La Fouchardière’s characters occupied the position of dissenters within the dominant war culture, embodying opposition through humor, not so much to the way the war was being conducted as to the way it was being depicted in the mass media.

Keywords:   patriotism, bourrage de crâne, skull-stuffing, Le Canard enchaîné, L’Œuvre, mass media, oppositional journalism, Georges de la Fouchardière, Maurice Barrès, serial novels

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