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CongressThe First Branch$
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Benjamin Ginsberg and Kathryn Wagner Hill

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780300220537

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300220537.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 23 January 2022

Congress and Foreign Policy

Congress and Foreign Policy

(p.213) 7 Congress and Foreign Policy

Benjamin Ginsberg

Kathryn Wagner Hill

Yale University Press

This chapter considers the relationship between the legislative and executive branches on foreign policy matters. The Constitution assigns both Congress and the president important powers in the realm of foreign and military policy. Article I of the Constitution gives Congress the power to declare war, to raise armies, to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and, in the case of the Senate, the power to ratify treaties and concur in the appointment of ambassadors. It is Congress, moreover, that must appropriate the funds to pay for military and foreign policy initiatives. Over the decades, however, Congress's ability to contend with the executive in the foreign policy realm has gradually declined as presidents have used their power of initiative to marginalize the legislative branch.

Keywords:   foreign policy, legislative branch, executive branch, military policy, treaties

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