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The Multifarious Mr. BanksFrom Botany Bay to Kew, The Natural Historian Who Shaped the World$
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Toby Musgrave

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300223835

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300223835.001.0001

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HMS Endeavour 1768–71

HMS Endeavour 1768–71

(p.36) Three HMS Endeavour 1768–71
The Multifarious Mr. Banks

Toby Musgrave

Yale University Press

This chapter points out Joseph Banks's participation in determining the places to properly observe the ensuing transit of Venus. It explains that the transit of Venus is a rare astronomical event during which the planet passes across the face of the sun. It also describes the twenty-five-year-old Banks who desperately wanted the opportunity to collect, study, and record both natural history specimens and knowledge from mostly unexplored part of the world, the South Seas. The chapter highlights Banks's preparation for the first southern circumnavigation of HMS Dolphin and take full advantage of the voyage's natural history potential. It also talks about Alexander Dalrymple, a distinguished hydrographer who joined Banks in the South Seas.

Keywords:   Joseph Banks, transit of Venus, natural history, South Seas, HMS Dolphin, Alexander Dalrymple

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